New Criticals


[1] "The workers activity, reduced to a mere abstraction of activity, is determined and regulated on all sides by the movement of the machinery, and not the opposite.” Grundrisse, 693.

[2] While Marx considered much, what was perhaps unforeseeable was a time when people were just never working, dictated either by choice, by force, or by the needs of capitalism. The crisis was to post-Fordist production and how to monetize information; the response was to make all activity productive. To make everyone work all the time, especially when you are not at work.


Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri. Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2000. Print.

Marx, Karl. Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. New York: Vintage, 1973. Print.